While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Oil Scarff/Getty Images Time is seen in a particularly different light by Eastern and Western cultures, and even within these groupings assumes quite dissimilar aspects from country to country. The purpose of making different cultures in only that people can be categorized. It is always acquired. Eastern religion follows more the eastern traditional culture, whereas, Western religion follows more the western culture. There are guidelines that will provide an understanding of the cultural characteristics of Middle Easterners and, therefore, will improve rather than impede their health care. A personal approach and continuity of care by the same health care professional help to bridge the gap between Middle Eastern cultures and Western medical culture. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. Western people are more indulged in maintaining quality of worldly life. In addition, Bhuian, Al-Shammari, and Jefri (2001) claim that the intense scarcity of capable workforce in some parts of the … Spiritually orientated society. There are limited job opportunities in east. Music has got a wide range starting from classic to pop music. There is a diverse cultural difference between Middle East and United States which are mostly based on religion, geographic location and beliefs. Eastern ethics is much more about doing what is right in terms of what is expected of … Culture is a collection of rules and regulations which govern life of members of a community. h�b```�R�}���aB� ^��ߜ2�ν�W\^���a��R` �p�6p��A�k�@��y@�2\��3�f�uƞ2A��P����C�s�� i�� ���pG�30�́�2 Some of the nonverbal communication differences in different cultural are: Eye Contact. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Its basic characteristic is that it keeps on changing. endstream endobj 259 0 obj <>/Metadata 21 0 R/Outlines 27 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 252 0 R/StructTreeRoot 166 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 260 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 33/Type/Page>> endobj 261 0 obj <>stream It is rather different degrees and layers of tendency to be either ways. The term Western civilization is a catchall to refer to the many cultures of European heritage that share common cultural ideas, philosophical foundations, and ancestral beliefs. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. There are many differences in Eastern and Western religions that are fitting to different people across the world. This includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, East and Southeast Asia, and so on. Business looks different in Canada than in China. Differences in human resources approaches between Eastern and Western countries reflect the differences in their respective sub-cultures. The predominant language of eastern culture is Arabic. While Islam is the dominant religion, other countries in the Arab group follow other religions. 277 0 obj <>stream Haha I laughed when it said about marriage in the west. Western religions are found in the Americas and throughout Europe. Eastern culture in the lights of teaching of Islam is the best. On is neither inferior nor superior to the second one. Another thing that should be kept in mind is that Turkey and Iran are not Arab nations. Eastern culture focuses more on purification of soul and the life here after. Such differences between Eastern and Western views of intelligence are tied, says Nisbett, to differences in the basic cognitive processes of people in Eastern and Western cultures. We should respect both and follow our own culture. In light of the recent developments in the Middle East, learning about the Arab and American communication differences may be a timely prerequisite. ... Before coming to the Middle East, I revisited the cultural framework of Fons Trompenaar to give me an idea of what was in store for me and how I can prepare myself to adapt to this new way of life … Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. It is chiefly concerned with a nation and is transferred from one age bracket to another. Author has 560 answers and 4M answer views. The Eastern religions which are closely linked with India are Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism and Hinduism. The main divide between Western and Eastern Europe occurred after 1054 when the Roman Papacy split from Orthodox Christianity, hence called “Oriental” in the West. The most extensively practiced religion is Islam. The definition of Western changed as the West was influenced by and spread to other nations. Western culture allows full freedom of speech. Eastern culture has limited freedom of speech. Middle East countries are the historical origin for Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Society operates in a state of relatedness. 271 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<5B19FF70E4DC054A9727E0819FF7B9C1><684AEC9CF0C11E49B7554BB88C03BAEE>]/Index[258 20]/Info 257 0 R/Length 72/Prev 56872/Root 259 0 R/Size 278/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Western culture is known for its materialism. Conclusion. Eastern countrymen follow their family decision about marriage. Western people prefer economic stability. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. The Westerners are more open and blunt. The article provides a comparison of six key characteristics that come from research conducted by M. K. Badawy, which combines Middle Eastern, and U.S. assumptions and approaches. Cuisine differs from country to country. Despite how much humans have in common, cultural differences are far more prevalent than cultural universals. 2. Of course, the system being a system means that many things are unified, but still, it usually does its best to promote individual approaches to different students. Western culture’s focal point is self security. If they are angry, they vent it out. In Southern, Western and Eastern parts of Nigeria, it is called the traditional wedding ceremony. Every culture has its own pons and cons. Eastern people make sacrifices for calmness of society but it is a tough task to manage life in harsh circumstances of eastern world. The many cultures of the Middle East. It’s more like “dysfunctional relationship”. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. 0 SIX DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ABORIGINAL and `WESTERN' WORLD VIEWS-, Aboriginal ~'festern/European 1. Its widely used language is English. %%EOF For last few decades, Indian culture has been influenced by the western culture, and they are adopting the merits of the western culture like cleanliness, equal rights for both men and women, frankness, etc. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. However, it is important to remember that not all Arabs are Muslims in the same way that not all Muslims are Arabs. Eastern culture is derived from different civilizations. Your email address will not be published. 258 0 obj <> endobj Summary: Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. For example, while all cultures have language, analysis of particular language structures and conversational etiquette reveal tremendous differences. In some Middle Eastern cultures, it is common to stand close to others in conversation. The climate in the East is varying and changing. In a number of ways, Middle Eastern management styles differ from those in the United States. Here, people living in east are blessed with all four seasons. The final section briefly discusses the implications of these cultural differences for American public relations professionals who provide counsel to peoples from the Arab culture. Life in a western country is pretty easy as they have number of resources and facilitates. Generator and D.C. Motor. Other cultures such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and Native American do not take it as a good expression. Western cultures mostly consider eye contact to be a good gesture. Western culture focuses on ‘individualism’ which means every single person has to earn a livelihood. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… There are no static cultures. While the Eastern culture gives importance to respect, the Western culture has its own priorities and it prefers success. It shows attentiveness, confidence and honesty. Western countries provide their citizens with wide variety of jobs. What is the difference between a low-context culture and a high-context culture? Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. To answer “Who is Middle Eastern?” we must ask ourselves “What is the Middle East?” The Middle East itself is not a fixed term. Therefore, children are given enormous amounts of homework and are taught to work hard – that’s why Asian studen… Western values such as democracy, capitalism and human rights look profoundly different when applied in the East. Western ventures as well as expat foreign workers that start working in the Middle East face many challenges due to the differences in their communication style. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! There is enormous difference between culture, thoughts, values and customs which shows that cultural boundaries are even powerful than geological restrictions. Western societies are pole apart from eastern in field of science and technology. They are commonly known as emotionless people. Western system is based on qualitative study. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and meaning. For example, topics like sex or birth of a child are openly discussed in Western culture, whereas in the East, these topics are still taboo. There are also some similarities in the way that managers perceived the importance of connections, like in business relationships and personal friendships but also some marked differences, with local Asian managers and expatriate Western managers regarding government connections, family connections, gifts and favors, and bribes as much more important that Western managers did. Western culture is known for its materialism. Eastern education system is based on cramming and quantitative pattern. Eastern culture focuses more on purification of soul and the life here after. 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It is primarily concerned with individual efforts. Western countrymen prioritize love and then get marry. The nature of business communication style is the result of the combination of different factors, such as cultural, political, socio-economical and historical characteristics of a country. The "West" was originally defined as the Western world. The climate in the West is cold and harsh. Non-Western art refers to art that is not derived from European or North American art history and ideals. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Cultural differences owe to the richness of experiences of these cultures and civilisations. It includes attitude, viewpoint, standards and ethics which shows it is very divergent. h��VMkI�+}Lf��B������C���a�l�,i���UO�#E!Ξ�=. System based on belief and mysticism. Western culture. Beginning in Ancient Greece and ancient Rome, Western culture continued to develop with Christianity during the middle ages, nourished by the experiments of Enlightenment and discoveries of science and spread itself throughout the world between the 16th and 20th centuries as a result of globalization and human migration. 34 Comparison Between Western and Middle Eastern Cultures South-East Asia because of the exodus of ambitious workers (Bhuian, Al-Shammari, & Jefri, 2001). Russia and the Balkans continued to develop according to the Byzantine model, using different alphabets (Greek, Cyrillic). East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. In a low-context culture, most of the message weight in a communication is carried on by the verbal component. ... seems to be as great or greater than the difference between living in the Middle East and living in America. Z" Both the cultures have their own significance and we can’t say that either is better than the other. Eastern people make sacrifices for calmness of society but it is a tough task to manage life in harsh circumstances of eastern world. which helped in removing the shortcomings of Indian culture. Eastern culture focuses more on ‘collectivism’ which means they have large supportive families. Every culture has its own importance. h�bbd``b`� $�� ��"���$H���D��$�Ab7A�T �@����q"�����N�g�� � �| Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There are two basic cultural patterns across the world. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. The Comoros Islands, Djibouti and Somalia are included in the Arab world. Cuisine differs from country to country. There is a lot to learn from both the cultures. Officials and elders sip wine while they invite the couple in for introductions and negotiations, and presentation of the bride price which consists mainly of gifts of shoes, textiles, jewelry and bags. Western religions are not driven so much by certain principles and ideals, rather everyday good and bad behavior to reach Heaven. Therefore, not every person in the Middle East is ascription-oriented and not every person in Europe is achievement-oriented. There is real belief that people objects and the environment are all connected. Ancient Romans distinguished between Oriental (Eastern, or Asian) cultures like Ancient Egypt that lived in the West. Instead both have their own significance. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. %PDF-1.6 %���� However, Islam is the most dominant religion in the region. Eastern culture’s focal point is abnegation (love for others). People from the West are more open to expressing their feelings. Eastern education is all about effort and struggle – no thing is hard if you practice enough. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. The commonality is that there is faith of some form in the belief that there is religion among people. Western educational systems put stress on the ideas of creativity. The Middle East is one of the most interesting regions to travel to, due to the diversity of the people and a fascinating ancient history. They try and train their youth for the future in their own way. Eastern culture be… The differences between Western and non-Western art are numerous, but there are fundamental differences that should be understood. 2 key cultural differences between the US and the Middle East. Everything and everyone is related. 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