There are multiple factors that impact the NSC levels in hay. The way a horse utilizes sugar and starch is actually in a negative way in excess. Timothy hay is the better choice of hay as it comes straight from the farm, sun-dried naturally and in most cases free from pesticides. Note: Timothy Hay is more suitable for adult rabbits due to the low calcium content. Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. It is research proven to increase insulin sensitivity in IR horses and reduce the risk of laminitis. My knowledge is real limited, but ..... maybe I can learn. As with the concentrate portion of the diet, the hay portion should have an NSC value of 10% (12% at the highest). ), which cutting is most likely to be highest in sugar: first, second, or third? THANK YOU!! Stage of maturity can also influence NSC content, Crandell noted. Return to Crops and Livestock Agent Articles There’s no secret that cutting your brome or fescue hay later in the season yields a few more pounds. non-improved pasture hay with a Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) reading of 6-12 (NSC describes the sugar and starch content of a feed. Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses and ponies. Hays can vary in nutritional content, with some containing Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) values over 15%. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. In fact, grasses are more likely to form higher amounts of fructans than grains. Grass sugar content fluctuates with the time of day, season, and weather. The warm season grasses (native grasses such as blue grama, sideoats grama, switchgrass, etc.) At some point, most of us will have to manage a starch/sugar sensitive horse. NSC represents the total amount of starch and sugar contained in a feedstuff. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. That is 15 to 20 lbs for a 1,000 lb horse. Alfal£a-brome hay, corn (sweet clover) , sugar beets, oats Horses can have laminitis and not present with bone rotation right away. If we take horses out of their natural environment so they are handy to catch and These will vary widely in different parts of the country and over different growing seasons. In some instances, hay growers or brokers will have hay analyzed prior to offering it for sale. If the hay spends more days drying before baling, NSC tends to be lower. Protein in hay varies depending on the type and maturity level of the hay when it is cut. Some carry hay chops. And first cutting hay may also have more digestible fiber than later season grasses due to the influence of cooler temperatures. If the hay has an NDF above 65% and an ADF above 45% it will provide little nutrient value to your horse. Look for an NDF between 40% and 65% and an ADF between 30% and 45% . If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. The Case For Afternoon Cutting - Photosynthesis. In NJ we had very little grass in our turn out. However, when looking at NSC in forages, it is best to use WSC and starch for the calculation because of the negative effects both fructans and starch can have in the hindgut of sensitive horses.”. Hays can vary in nutritional content, with some containing Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) values over 15%. Micro-Phase provides the vitamins and minerals typically lacking in a diet consisting of all forages and little to no fortified grains. Transitioning to feeding older horse with poor teeth and laminitis issues has been a challenge. Test hay for levels of sugar and starch as these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. Help Your Horses Get the Most from Hay. To find out more about the specific grasses in your pasture, contact your local Ag Extension agent or the Animal Science program at the University of Florida in Gainesville. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Please advise, No founder has been detected as with xrays, could this be a bad case of arthritis? Variations occur from field to field. It is best suited for the moist, cooler conditions of South Island dairy pastures. They are not intended to treat or cure illness or injury. Remember that growing conditions, maturity, and soil nutrients affect all mineral percents. Of particular import is NSC content. It is important to know this so that you can be sure your horse is consuming an adequate diet. You may find this article on metabolic syndrome in horses helpful. You can also add some unsweet beet pulp to the diet, but you don’t want to feed more than 3 lbs a day. An ideal hay for easy keepers will be in the higher end of these ranges. There has been a great deal of conflicting information about AM/PM cutting in the farm media that has created some confusion and controversy. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Ultimately, the only way to accurately assess the nutritional content of hay is to have it tested at your local agricultural extension. Grazing Gala brome is related and also desirable. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Here in FL the pasture is Bohemian grass. As such, horse owners are becoming savvier in choosing the best hay for their horses, especially when those horses are affected by metabolic conditions. 20% NSC is considered the high end of “low carb,” but for an IR or sugar-sensitive horse it is too high. Forage is a horse's primary source of energy. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. So this is definitely a regional hay. Once you receive your results, if you have any problems understanding them don’t hesitate to contact the lab or your local extension office for help. Warm season grasses store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like the cool season grasses so they might be an option. Insulin has direct action on all cells in the body (except the brain), and helps in carbohydrate, protein, and fat breakdown products entering the cells. Their input is very important. Once grass is cut and dried for hay, vitamins quickly lose their potency. The first thing to rule out in this case is acute laminitis. It supports a strong immune system and helps maintain healthy muscle and nerve functions. You can learn more here: https://kppusa.com/product/micro-phase One bucket of Micro-Phase will last you 160 days if you feed 3 ounces per day. Nutritionists recommend including some long hay in the diet to reduce boredom and increase chew time, so consider feeding at least some fiber alternative year-round to stretch your hay supply so you don’t run out. We’ve also tried a new hay this winter…it’s called brome, and all 10 horses seem to love it. The better the quality of the hay you feed, the less grain you will need to feed. Grass hay cubes, compressed grass hay or grass hay chop are all appropriate alternatives. Beet Tops (Sugar) 20 Beef Magazine 2009 Bermuda grass (hay) 63.3 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda grass (seed screenings) 91.4 94.3 87.9 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda Grass Hay 93.1 94.4 91.8 Dairy One Bermuda Grass Silage 38.6 50.3 26.8 Dairy One Bermudagrass Coastal Dehydrated 90 Beef Magazine 2009 Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. Imagine baking a cake by estimating the ingredients and their amounts versus using an exact recipe. Many of the pastures in Florida are made up of mostly warm-season grasses that perform well in hot, humid conditions; however, some cool-season grasses can also be present to provide winter grazing. The rest of this article will use the familiar term of calorie. I am looking at a grass hay that is mostly Orchard, brome, fescue and some Tim (little). Dry weather is critical for harvesting quality hay. Download Spec Sheet Elunaria Annual Ryegrass – A Westerworld type annual grass suitable for hay, haylage or pasture. As a last resort, up to 30% of the sugar content can be flushed from most grasses by soaking in water (60 minutes in cold water and 30 minutes in hot water). Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. What do I mean by recommended amount? A megacalorie is 1,000 kilocalories, and a kilocalorie is what we know as a calorie. Sugar Content in Feed and Forage Fact Sheet No. “Of course, there are always exceptions, but generally the more mature the grass, the lower the NSC or at least the lower the calories. Learn more about selecting hay and getting hay tested. So I recently started Sly 4 days ago on this product Remission at 1 ounce loading dose for 7-10 days to help hopefully with his issue. By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. Several factors affect the NSC levels found in a cutting of hay. Cool-season grasses like timothy, orchard grass, brome, and ryegrass predominate in horse pastures and hay fields. The effectiveness of the Remission in this case is questionable. So any species of grass may have times when it is higher and then times that it is lower. Purina Enrich per feeding and a scoop of StressDex electrolyte. Hay has the highest dry matter content of the forage fed to horses and ponies. The peak sugar content is just before/at sundown. Not that she isnt willing to pay for the hay and the test (thats good in my thinking process ). Moisture levels for safe storage of hay vary with size and density of the bale and type of hay. Fermentation of starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which can disrupt the carefully balanced microbial population of the hindgut. For hays with higher NSC levels you can soak the hay for 15 to 60 minutes to reduce the sugar levels. I suggest you contact your local Cooperative Extension Ag agent or the agricultural college in your area and work with them to choose the correct type of grass for your climate and soil conditions. You may or may not need to feed grain, depending on the quality of your hay. A megacalorie is 1,000 kilocalories, and a kilocalorie is what we know as a calorie. 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