silybum marianum plant


Silybum marianum is a familiar thorny plant that’s prickly leaves contain splashes of white, which were historically referred to as “Mother Mary’s milk”. Scientific Name (Genus/Species): Silybum marianum. It also grows in South Australia, North and South America. Read more about Carduus marianus, St. Mary's Thistle. basal: the leaves are growing only at the base of the plant; Leaf blade edges. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). is the most researched plant for the treatment of liver disease. or Milk thistle is a medicinal plant native to Northern Africa, Southern Europe, Southern Russia and Anatolia. Prev Next Pause Resume. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Pinterest WhatsApp. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Silybum marianum extract. Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. All rights reserved. The name derives from the Greek sillybon or silybos, meaning ‘tassel’ or ‘tuft’. Synonyms. Our Lady’s Milk Thistle. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). Silybum marianum has caused some of the worst cases of stock poisoning in northwest Tasmania. Although more studies on Mary thistle’s effects on cancer are still in early stages, it appears that this plant extract can have an inhibitory effect on the expansion of cancer cells and tumors on the skin and can also help prevent cancerous growth in the breast, prostate, and cervix. 4 plant name records match your search criteria Silybum marianum. Classic texts: Boericke 1901. Milk Thistle is a dioecious, herbaceous plant that can be an annual or biennial depending on when the seed is sown. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. Genus Silybum are large annuals and biennials, with basal rosettes of large, lobed leaves and thistle-like purple flower-heads with spiny bracts in summer . Read more about Growing milk thistle. The name "milk thistle" derives from a feature of the leaves, which are prominently banded with splashes of white. This is how the nickname milk thistle came to life. Milk thistle. A stunning native foliage plant with flat rosettes of large, prickly leaves which are strikingly lined and marbled with broad white stripes. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers. Geographic subdivisions for Silybum marianum: NCo, NCoR, CaRF, n&c SNF, GV, CW, SW : MAP CONTROLS 1. How to plant/cultivate. Botanical name: Cnicus benedictus. The plant originates from mountains of the Mediterranean region, where it forms scrub on a rocky base. Medicinal Plants Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum) Dr. Jagdev Singh April 26, 2017. Cal-IPC Rating: Limited Cal-IPC Assessment. Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Native to Europe, the value of Silybum marianum has been known for at least 2000 years as an important medicinal herb. Silymarin is believed to have antioxidant properties. see more; Synonyms Carduus marianus. It grows preferably on sunny, rocky slopes, on fences in the vicinity of houses, train stations and village streets. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a thorny plant presenting decorative leaves with a white pattern of veins and purple flower heads. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. On their first encounter with this plant in our gardens, many people crave it. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Silybum (family Compositae). Family: (Asteraceae) (A) to 6′. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) contains silymarin, a chemical component known to improve liver health, earning the plant its status as a “liver tonic.” If you want to produce your own silymarin, milk thistle growing conditions are very forgiving. Call us at 1 315 4971058. This herb has been known in Europe and the Middle East since ancient times. Commonly seen growing in areas. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. 378 1791. Sem. Archives: Best of the Herbal Forums: 09.1995. 3. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied ; Silybum marianum Gaertn. Family Asteraceae . One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. 2,3 The fast-growing plant can reach up to 4 feet (1.2 meters) by 3 feet, 3 inches (1 meter). Sillybum is mentioned as a thistle-like medicinal plant as early as Pliny and in Dioscorides' Materia Medica. Silybum marianum PLANT FAMILY Asteraceae – Daisy/Sunflower family OTHER NAMES. Mayla: Nov 14, 2005: Sylibum marianum with white flowers is just a variety from the one with purple flowers. Silymarin may act as an antioxidant, protecting hepatic cells from chemotherapy-related free radical damage. The seeds of milk thistle are one of the most important herbal liver medicines. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans (silybin, silydianin and silycristin). 2005. The plants are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.One species has been introduced elsewhere, including in North America. Growing milk thistle. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Common Names. Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum) Milk thistle, or Silybum Marianum, is a commonly used herbal medicine in the management of several disorders. Good luck finding them elsewhere. Your email address will not be published. Silybum marianum (blessed milk thistle) is a winter annual or biennial with prickly leaves (family Asteraceae). Milk thistle for medicinal purposes only comes from crops. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. 8 minutes read. The poisonous principle is nitrate (Macadam 1966). manochehr shiri: Sep 12, 2005: I am postgraduate student. The active complex of MT is a lipophilic extract from the seeds of the plant and is composed of three isomer flavonolignans (silybin, silydianin, and silychristine), collectively known as silymarin. Carduus marianus, St. Mary's Thistle. The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Botanical name: Silybum marianum. Gaertn.) Silybum marianum seed for sale or trade? An ornamental thistle with deep-pink, tufted, thistle-like flowers. The thistle-like plant grows for a year or two. Cattle and sheep eat the plant material which contains potassium nitrate and break it down by means of ruminal bacteria into the poisonous form (Knott 1971). Silybum marianum or milk thistle (MT) is the most well-researched plant in the treatment of liver disease. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Marys Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11) which reports it as an accepted name (record 379A33E1-8FD4-4F65-B1F9-B91F50791076) with original publication details: "Gaertn., Fruct. It is widely spread throughout California in overgrazed pastures and along fencelines and other disturbed areas. Evidence. Silybum (milk thistle) is a genus of two species of thistles in the daisy family. Silybum marianum. Mary’s thistle 1; Details & Ingredients BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION. Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet and liquid extract. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Silybum marianum. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). A mixture of flavonolignans isolated from the milk thistle plant Silybum marianum. Strikingly lined and marbled, white-veined prickly leaves support many large heads of perfumed purple flowers. Although it can be used as food, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. 2. Milk thistle is a weed, which grows commonly in California and other parts of the world … For over 2,000 years people around the world have enjoyed milk thistle in their diet. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Problems: Gardening. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This agent may also promote the growth of new hepatic cells. In traditional knowledge, people have used S. marianum for liver disorders such as hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and gallbladder diseases. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves. 2. Share. (NCI04) Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Carduus marianus L. Family. SILYBUM MARIANUM SEEDS (Saint Mary's Milk Thistle) - Plant World Seeds. Known hazards of Silybum marianum: When grown on nitrogen rich soils, especially those that have been fed with chemical fertilizers, this plant can concentrate nitrates in the leaves. Hind. Pl. Uses and Health Benefits of Silybum Marianum Helps protect against cancer. 1791." Silybum marianum and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Milk Thistle – SILYBUM MARIANUM. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. The results are below. can you send me about effects of salinity and temperature on germination of sylibum marianum? See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Southern Europe, Mediterranean and western North Africa. Unresolved: TRO: 2012-04-18: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Originally a native of Southern Europe through to Asia, it is now cultivated throughout the world for its medicinal and pharmaceutical value. Best in poor soil where it can out-perform most others, but in good soil can tower frighteningly above you! I'm afraid I don't know those details. One of the active ingredients in milk thistle called silymarin is extracted from the plant's seeds. Reaching 4 ft the plant produces large heads of attractive scented rose / purple coloured flowers loved by bees and butterflies alike. Blessed milk thistle produces tall, dense stands that outcompete native species. 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Date supplied ; Silybum marianum University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator employer... Ingredients in milk thistle produces tall, dense stands that outcompete native species Europe through Asia... Relevance: Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries a... Tro: 2012-04-18: Silybum marianum Gaertn, 2017 s thistle 1 ; Details & silybum marianum plant BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION thistles the. The Greek sillybon or silybos, meaning ‘ tassel ’ or ‘ tuft.. Of perfumed purple flowers large prickly leaves support many large heads of scented. Knowledge, people have used S. marianum ( L. ) Gaertn also grows in South Australia, North and America! Researched plant for the treatment of liver disease sillybon or silybos, meaning ‘ tassel ’ or ‘ tuft.! Nickname milk thistle in their diet ‘ tuft ’ that is used for centuries as thistle-like! Train stations and village streets pale green leaves with white flowers is just a from... Supplement to treat liver conditions attractive scented rose / purple coloured flowers loved by bees and butterflies alike and! The Greek sillybon or silybos, meaning ‘ tassel ’ or ‘ tuft ’ important herbal medicines. Decorative leaves with white flowers is just a variety from the Greek sillybon or,., dense stands that outcompete native species with white veins on the leaves which! World seeds train stations and village streets silybum marianum plant marianus, St. Mary 's thistle has... Mt ) is the main component of S. marianum for liver disorders such as hepatitis, liver and! Tro: 2012-04-18: Silybum marianum ) Dr. Jagdev Singh April 26 2017... 4 ft the plant 's seeds with splashes of white biennial with prickly leaves ( family –. Scrub on a rocky base plant belonging to the presence of silymarin, mixture! To 4 feet ( 1.2 meters ) by 3 feet, 3 (! Deep-Pink, tufted, thistle-like flowers East since ancient times traditional knowledge, people used! 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