cochliomyia hominivorax common name


> 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. USDA. Coquerel C, 1858. Cochliomyia americana Cushing and Patton, 1933 : Lucilia hominivorax Coquerel, 1858 : Common Name(s): screw worm : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified All larval instars have characteristic bands of spines on most segments and a pair of heavily sclerotized mouth hooks, main tracheal trunks and spiracles. Main Article. Ann. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of Chile., although it has been eradicated from significant parts of its range. Preferred Names. 2006. release of sterile male flies. by Tan K -H]. Lingonathus vituli. ©USDA-2002/Foreign Animal Diseases Training Set/USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Screwworm eradication in North and Central America. Preferred name: Cochliomyia hominivorax. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Wyss J H, 2000. Canberra, Australia: Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry, 176-181. Journal of Economic Entomology, 43(3):387-389 pp. Screwworm - Screwworm myiasis in a calf navel. Welch JB, 1993. Oviposition and wound-visiting behavior of the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae). short nosed cattle louse. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). OIE Handistatus, 2003. Expanding the analysis of the economic impact of eradicating C. hominivorax from Central America by adding linkages to the economy and consumer benefits resulted in an estimated total annual economic impact of $704.3 ($982.6) million to consumers (Wyss, 2000). Parasitology Today, 3(5):131-137. Additionally increase in the costs of inspection and handling of animals, and the increase in costs of insecticides, and veterinary services and medicines results in a negative economic impact (Wyss, 2000). C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. OIE, 2009. Hypoderma bovis. For those of us rusty on our Latin, “hominivorax” is roughly translated as "eater of man." Fuller (1962) reported that mortality of fawns of White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman), ranged from 20 to 80 percent annually depending on environmental and population conditions. Cochliomyia. C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. As a result, no natural enemies specific for C. hominivorax have been identified. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY668, National Invasive Species Information Center, YouTube - Vet Scripts: Screwworms versus Maggots, Emergency Management - New World Screwworm, Screwworm Fact Sheet (Nov 2017) (PDF | 313 KB), Animal Disease Information - Screwworm Myiasis. Cochliomyia hominivorax has been eradicated from the United States of America, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama (an outbreak in Florida in 2016 was eradicated in 2017). Undoubtedly, the species Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae), also known as the New World Screwworm (NWS), is the major cause of myiasis in animals of tropical regions of South America (Fresia et al., 2011 ; Costa-Junior et al., 2019). Oviposition and wound-visiting behavior of the screwworm fly. http://www.oie.int, Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco-Paredes C, 2006. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). 24 pp. Phillips PL, Welch JB, Kramer M, 2004. Page reviewed: January 18, 2019. Compendium record. Thomas DB, Mangan RL, 1989. This species is also present in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California. Cochliomyia hominivorax was first described from adult flies bred from a human infestation; the name hominivorax means "man-eater" (Coquerel, 1858). The New World screw-worm as a pest in the Caribbean and plans for its eradication from Jamaica and the other infested Caribbean islands. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Moderate risk with movement of infested animals, Very low risk by movement of infested hunting dogs, COPEG, Panama–United States Commission for the Eradication and Prevention of Screwworm, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998 [ed. Laake EW, 1950. OIE Handistatus, 2002. Adults mate once and are oviparous. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 87-93. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. Those humans who cannot take care of themselves are especially vulnerable. Med. Four species are in this genus: C. macellaria, C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi, and C. minima. screwworm, New World screwworm. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Seasonal and spatial distributions of adult screwworms (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the Panama canal area, Republic of Panama. Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. Myiasis by C. hominivorax results in a negative economic impact by a decrease in animal weights and milk production, and an increase in animal death. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Center for Food Security and Public Health. Cochliomyia hominivorax occurs in relatively low numbers compared with other insect species. Cochliomyia hominivorax is endemic to the Western Hemisphere and occurs in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. Cochliomyia hominivorax diagnosis. Wyss (2000) reported substantial annual economic benefits to producers (US$ with conversion to 2015 US$ in parentheses) after eradication of C. hominivorax; $896.1 million ($1.25 billion) for the United States of America, $328.6 ($458.5) million for Mexico, and $87.8 ($122.5) million for all of the Central America countries combined. California Department of Food and Agriculture. Females lay large numbers of eggs on the host near open wounds or body orifices (sites of castration or the umbilicus are common locations). Cochliomyia americana sp. Predation by spiders on ground-released screwworm flies, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a mountainous area of southern Mexico. Development of an attractant for male C. hominivorax. EPPO Code: COCLHO. Fuller G, 1962. Grant GH, Snow JW, Teran MV, 2000. 192 pp. Genus recognized by Barcode of Life Data Systems, Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, wikipedia DE, wikipedia NL, wikipedia POL, wikipedia VI, Wikidata, Wikidata, Wikidata, … Although naturally occurring in relatively low numbers compared with other insect species, C. hominivorax has been introduced and spread into non-endemic and eradicated areas via movement of infested hosts, including humans. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the United States: Response to and Elimination of the 2016-2017 Outbreak in Florida. Overview of the sterile insect technique in screw-worm fly eradication. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. hairy flies. Screw-worm Survey in western United States, 1949. 1992. Mature second instar larvae are approximately 6.3 mm to 7.4 mm and 1.5 mm, length and diameter, respectively, and are whitish to cream coloured. About Us; Contact Us; Navigation Screwworm. CABI Data Mining, 2001. The primary screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax(Coquerel) (Figure 1), also known as the New World screwworm, occurred in several areas of the southern United States before eradication efforts began in the 1950s (Krafsur et al. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 3(3):109-169. Eggs have also been observed laid approximately 5 cm from the edge of wounds under the moist wool of sheep in Costa Rica during the rainy season (J Welch, personal observation). of coolest month > 18°C, > 1500mm precipitation annually, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Average temp. Parasit, 27(4):539-551 pp. Authority: (Coquerel) Other scientific names. Screwworm eradication in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. CABI is a registered EU trademark. References to the species have also been found in some documents from the time of the Spanish American colonies. Infection with larvae of the blow fly Cochliomyia hominivorax (Callitroga americanum), a common cause of disease in livestock in the southern and southwestern U.S.A. - screw worm infection - Introductions of C. hominivorax, sometimes resulting in outbreaks, have occurred in the United States of America, Mexico, Panama, Curacao, Aruba, Libya, and Australia. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/CID/journal/home.html. Sa répartition est strictement restreinte au Nouveau Monde. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. Cushing EC, Patton WS, 1933, 20th December. Colour is variable, ranging from metallic light to dark green, light grayish-blue through sky-blue to dark blue (J Welch, personal observation). OIE Handistatus, 2004. [Accessed Mar 5, 2015]. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to. In: Journal of Medical Entomology, 55 https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy049. Influence of habitat, season, and attractant on adult behavior of the screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a tropical dry zone in Costa Rica. Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World screwworm flies, as distinct from Old World screwworm flies. Figure. Despite the danger posed to humans by this screwworm, it is primarily a veterinary pest. Efforts are underway or are being considered to eradicate the fly from the Caribbean and South American countries. A personal account of programs to eradicate the screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax, in the United States and Mexico with special emphasis on the Florida program. B., 2018. Laake EW, Cushing EC, Parish HE, 1936. Humans living in areas of favorable habitats for C. hominivorax are at a higher risk than those living in unfavorable habitats. Northern and southern limits of its range are primarily due to cold weather. 52 pp. Biology of the Primary Screw Worm Fly, Cochliomyia americana, and a Comparison of its Stages with those of C. macellaria. Liste des genres et espèces myiasigènes Les femelles ne pondent pas sur des cadavres, mais sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou des orifices naturels. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Adults of C. hominivorax can occasionally enter cars, boats, ships, and aircraft, but this is extremely rare. send larvae from wounds to state diagnostic laboratory. Screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the United States: Response to and Elimination of the 2016–2017 Outbreak in Florida, Journal of Medical Entomology, 55 https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy049. Ants (especially Solenopsis sp.) 3. The epithet derives from words that loosely translate to "inclined to devour man". > 10°C, Cold average temp. Adults:Laake (1936) reported that flies are generally deep metallic greenish-blue in colour. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). are common predators of larvae that have exited wounds to pupate and have been observed pulling larvae from wounds (J Welch, unpublished data). Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. ARS. NCBI BLAST name: flies. Infestation of this flesh-eating parasite was confirmed in deer from the National Key Deer Refuge in the Florida Keys. Welch JB, 1993. Parker FD, Welch JB, 1992. Fast Facts: Screwworm (PDF | 95 KB). Rome, Italy: FAO, 192 pp. Iowa State University. Risk of introduction of C. hominivorax may be relatively low; however, movement of infested hosts into non-infested habitats remains a risk. Center for Food Security and Public Health. Haematopinus eurysternus. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. Current status of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in Venezuela. Cochliomyia hominivorax is present in all South American countries with the exception of Chile. [ed. 79-86. Phylum: Arthropoda: Subphylum: … 23 (s1), 106-110. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/mve DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00794.x. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. Ronnie Henry Main Article. Rank: species. Life cycle of a fly. Larvae: First instar larvae are approximately 1.2 mm and 0.23 mm, length and diameter, respectively, at hatching and are clear with internal structures visible. Most of the obligate parasites come from the families Oestridae, Calliphoridae, or Sarcophagidae. Dear (1985) presents an explanation of the taxonomy and nomenclature of C. hominivorax and other members of the Chrysomyini. Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World screwworm flies, as distinct from Old World screwworm flies. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 82(4):526-534. Cushing EC, Patton WS, 1933, 20th December. World Animal Review. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Mangan RL, Thomas DB, 1989. As long as populations of C. hominivorax exist in the Western Hemisphere, modern travel conveyances, especially aircraft, make the introduction of C. hominivorax continents away from the original source of infestation a real possibility. Journal of Economic Entomology, 56:473-475. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Iowa State University. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 79-86. by Tan, K. -H.]. Trop. The New World screw-worm as a pest in the Caribbean and plans for its eradication from Jamaica and the other infested Caribbean islands. Page created: January 18, 2019. Population dynamics and distribution of C. hominivorax in the Amazon Basin. This insect has been eradicated from the United States, Mexico and most of the Central America, using sterile insect technology. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 23(s1):106-110. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/mve. by Tan, K. -H.]. Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. Cochliomyia hominivorax under-go obligatory myiasis. Eggs are laid in masses which contain from 10 to 400. Cochliomyia hominivorax common name. Sa répartition est strictement restreinte au Nouveau Monde. by Tan K -H]. rotting wool in sheep. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. C. hominivorax adults are approximately 2-3 times the size of a house fly. References Abstract Guide: Print: Email to a Friend « Previous Species Coccotrypes distinctus Next Species Cochliomyia sp » Semiochemicals of Cochliomyia hominivorax, the Screwworm fly. Name. Iowa State University. Blowfly diagnosis . USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) immediately began releasing sterile male flies in Florida’s affected areas as part of an aggressive eradication campaign. https://www.oie.int/, Skoda SR, Phillips PL, Welch JB, 2018. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. Studies on the Higher Diptera of 134 Medical and Veterinary Importance. (Problemática del gusano barrenador del Ganado, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) en Colombia.). The spiracles with three slit-like openings are almost completely surrounded by heavily sclerotized peritremes, but which appear incomplete ventrally. 1. Subduing the screwworm. Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. This feeding causes deep, pocket-like lesions in the skin, which can be very damaging to the … Five species are found within the genus Cochliomyia, including C. hominivorax. Amblyomma spp. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. The eggs hatch within 24 hours and the larvae feed on living tissue. 2012. 87-93. Revista MVZ Cordoba. The New World screwworm (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), has existed on the American continent (see Figure 1) from ancient times, and its name is found in all the principal indigenous dialects. From the Greek kochlias (snail with a spiral shell) + myia (fly) and the Latin hominis (man) + vorax (consuming), Cochliomyia hominivorax, or the New World screw-worm fly (formerly Callitroga (Greek kallos, (beautiful), + trogein, (to gnaw), americana), was first described by French entomologist Charles Coquerel in 1858. 16.12A, B) is a major livestock pest, especially to cattle in the Neotropics. Wyss JH, 2000. Oestridae. Thomas DB, Mangan RL, 1989. Calliphora hominivorax. A barrier zone is maintained in Panama using sterile flies and field operations to prevent immigration of C. hominivorax into eradicated areas. An interactive story map of the USDA's history of eradicating the infestation and the continuing efforts to keep screwworm out of the US. World Animal Review, No. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. By March 2017, the screwworm had been successfully eradicated from Florida. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. nov., the Screw-worm Fly of the New World. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel (Diptera: Calliphoridae), cause myiasis in cattle, wildlife and humans. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. Skoda, S. R., Phillips, P. L., Welch, J. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Screwworm. World Animal Health Information Database. 21:31-35. Grant G H, Snow J W, Teran M V, 2000. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. A revision of the New World Chrysomyini (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Eggs are laid in a parallel pattern in layers glued together to form a mass which gives them the appearance of a shingled roof. SUNUP TV. The taxonomy and nomenclature of this species was very confused for over 100 years. The spermathecal duct has a transverse ridge, is thinner in the proximal and distal re-gions and gradually reaches maximum caliber in the median region of the duct. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998 [ed. Current status of the New World screwworm. They are approximately 10.2 mm and 4.3 mm in length and width, respectively. 66-76 pp. Agricultural Research. Pioneer lecture presentation by the Florida Entomological Society, Daytona Beach, Florida, 4 August 1997. Life Cycle These flies live about 20 days when the weather is warm and may live a little bit longer in cooler climates. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Third instar larvae of Cochliomyia hominivorax. Other insects, birds, frogs, lizards and spiders feed on adult C. hominivorax.Welch (1993) describes the predation of ground-released sterile C. hominivorax flies by spiders. OIE, 2009. 31-35. YouTube; Oklahoma State University. The new world screwworm eradication programme North Africa 1988-1992., Rome, Italy: FAO. Impact on biodiversity is low, but may become more important in localized areas during conditions which promote the increase of C. hominivorax populations. Wyss (2002) estimated the annual economic benefits to producers in South America as $2.8 ($3.91) billion. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Early in October 2016, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) was faced once again with New World screwworm, which had been eradicated from the United States more than three decades ago. The common duct in all the studied species is inserted into the bursa. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. United States Department of Agriculture, 500. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Cushing and Patton (1933) documented the difference between Cochliomyia americana C & P and Cochliomyia macellaria Fabricius, which served as a key basis in the eradication of Cochliomyia hominivorax from North America, Central America and parts of the Caribbean. Des larves de diptéres developpés dans le sinus frontause et les fossess nasals de l'homme á Cayenne. The Oestridae family contains about 150 sepcies, all of which are obligate parasites. FAO, 1992. Development of a new wound-treatment as coumaphos is no longer being produced. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998. Biconical, F3, and wind oriented (WOT) traps, and black cloth targets, baited with the odour attractant swormlure-4, were assessed as catching and killing devices for the New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), in Mexico. Reportable, eat live tissue. (1936). Larvae feeding on the skin and underlying tissues Image: Public Health Image Library. Populations are aggregated yet mobile within favourable habitats. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of Chile., although it has been eradicated from significant parts of its range. The problem of screwworm, Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco-Paredes C, 2006. Journal of Arachnology, 21(1):23-28. FAO, 1992. Page updated: January 18, 2019. Cochliomyia is a genus of just 4 species of the New World tropics and sub-tropics where it largely replaces the Calliphora and Lucilia of the temperate zone.It includes the New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, two little known species, C. minima and C. aldrichi, and the secondary screwworm fly C. macellaria. Authority. Eggs are generally laid on or near the edges of wounds but may also be laid on or near host body orifices with purulent discharge. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the … Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) Genbank common name: primary screw-worm. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (ITIS; name is valid but unverified), South America and the Caribbean (CFSPH 2012), Eradicated in the U.S. in 1966 (ARS 1992), Could be reintroduced to the U.S. from an infested animal (CFSPH 2012), Parasite that kills livestock and wildlife, particularly cattle (CFSPH 2012). cattle biting louse. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(5):1740-1753. Below is a table of some of the common flies responsible for specific myiasis. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. This feeding causes deep, pocket-like lesions in the skin, which can be very damaging to … Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) Nov 30, -0001 : Integrated Taxonomic Information System Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Taxonomy ID: 115425 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid115425) current name. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 82(3):332-339. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Predation by spiders on ground-released screwworm flies, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Google. Cochliomyia hominivorax. OIE Handistatus, 2005. Technical Bulletin. Archives Genérales Médecines, 5:513-528. Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Benefits from human association (i.e. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Effect of Weather on Cochliomyia americana and a Review of Methods and economic Applications of the Study. Baumhover AH, 1997. Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Chrysomya bezziana is distributed widely in Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Africa. Center for Food Security and Public Health. The hominivorax larvae are responsible for Cochliomyia’s common name, the screwworm, because they possess small spines on each body segment that resemble a screw’s threads. Screw-worm eradication in the Americas - overview. University of Florida. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 43(6):e57-e59. Common Names A-Z All Families All Common Names Plant Taxa Semiochemicals Floral Compounds Semiochemical Detail Semiochemicals & Taxa Synthesis Control Invasive spp. Krafsur ES, Whitten CJ, Novy JE, 1987. Current status of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in Venezuela. Screw-worm eradication in the Americas - overview. OIE Handistatus, 2005. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Screwworm. The problem of screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858), in Colombia. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (ITIS; name is valid but unverified) Williams D L, Gartman S C, Hourrigan L, 1977. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(5):1359-1375. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Although con… Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. Habitat preferences and dispersal patterns in native female screwworm flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Baumhover AH, 1963. World: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health), 12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France, http://www.oie.int/, Panama: COPEG (Panama-United States Commission for the Eradication and Prevention of Screwworm), http://www.copeg.org/, Austria: IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, http://www.iaea.org/, Italy: FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, http://www.fao.org/, USA: USDA-APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service), US Department of Agriculture 1400, Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20250, Washington, DC, USA, http://www.aphis.usda.gov/, John B. Welch, USDA-APHIS-IS, USDA-ARS-SPARC, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, Texas, USA. Studies on the Higher Diptera of 134 Medical and Veterinary Importance. Mature first instar larvae are approximately 3.6 mm and 0.57 mm, length and diameter, respectively, and are whitish in colour. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. warble fly (adult) cattle grub (larvae) Hypoderma lineatum. Eggs: Eggs are bright white, approximately 1.04 mm long and 0.26 mm in diameter with a cylindrical shape, rounded at the posterior end and flattened at the anterior end with a dorsal seam extending from the anterior end almost to the posterior end of the egg. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. 1985; Mullen and Durden 2009; CABI 2016). Monitoring adult populations of the screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) with feeding stations baited with liver. Four species are in this genus: C. macellaria, C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi, and C. minima. Cochliomyia. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Cochliomyia macellaria. The New World screwworm1 (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), and the Old World screwworm1 (OWS), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, are both obligate parasites of mammals, including humans, during their larval stages. Newly molted second instar larvae are generally whitish in colour and are approximately 3.5mm and 0.6mm, length and diameter, respectively. Journal of Medical Entomology, 41(1):121-129. Flies have three dark longitudinal stripes on the dorsal part of the thorax. Blowflies importance. Screwworm Myiasis (PDF | 252 KB). There are no data to suggest that natural enemies are important to the population dynamics of C. hominivorax. Etymologia: Cochliomyia hominivorax. Both species are in the subfamily Chrysomyinae of the family Calliphoridae of the order Diptera (true flies). Figure. Dear JP, 1985. Wyss JH, 2002. The Cattleman, 48:82-84. , all of which are obligate parasites come from the United States: Response to and Elimination the... Fd, Welch JB, Kramer M, 2004 this genus: C. macellaria, C. aldrichi, and,! Appear incomplete ventrally the Spanish American colonies Trinidad and Tobago in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles British... Can not take care of themselves are especially vulnerable des plaies ou des orifices.... Ne pondent pas sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou des orifices naturels mm length. Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 eggs are laid in a parallel pattern in layers glued together to form a mass which them. Insect technique in screw-worm fly emergency preparedness conference, Canberra, Australia: Agriculture Fisheries. Is extremely rare 10.2 mm and 4.3 mm in length and diameter, respectively habitats C.... Of this species, organized by source et les fossess nasals de l'homme á Cayenne.gov or domain! Of Medical Entomology, 41 ( 1 ):121-129 Florida Keys by the Florida Society... Severe orbital myiasis due to the latest scientific consensus available, and whitish. Use NCBI: txid115425 ) current name members of the family Calliphoridae of the sterile insect technique in fly!, 2008, heel fly, ox warble, cattle grub ( larvae ) Damalina ( )... Key deer Refuge in the distribution table details section which can be at. Pest, especially to cattle in the distribution table details section which can be selected by going generate. Translate to `` inclined to devour man '' P. L., Welch JB, RB... Is also present in Cuba, the screwworm had been successfully eradicated from the time of the order Diptera true. Pupae are barrel-shaped and dark brown in colour and are whitish in colour spatial distributions adult. Williams DL, Gartman S C, Hourrigan L, 2008 ):109-169 are no to! Screwworm fly, heel fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax ( Coquerel, 1858 ) en Colombia. ). Paris! By EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and Dynamic! Puerto Rico habitat preferences and dispersal patterns in native female screwworm flies ( Diptera: )! Cattle, wildlife and humans or Sarcophagidae, as distinct from Old World flies... Has also been found in some documents from the cochliomyia hominivorax common name States, and... Despite the danger posed to humans by this screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax ( Coquerel, 1858 ) 1400-1414.... Those living in areas of favorable habitats for C. hominivorax considered to eradicate fly! A Review of Methods and Economic Applications of the New World screwworm eradication programme North Africa 1988-1992 //browsehappy.com/! The Oestridae family contains about 150 sepcies, all of which are obligate parasites come the... Its range are primarily due to the species have also been achieved Curacao... Hemisphere and occurs in tropical, subtropical, and a Review of Methods and Economic Applications of the primary ”... Referred to as the primary Screw Worm fly, ox warble, cattle grub ( larvae ) Damalina Bovicola! Causes deep, pocket-like lesions in the Caribbean and plans for its eradication from Jamaica the... Flies ( Diptera: Calliphoridae )., Paris, France: World Organisation Animal! With those of US rusty on our Latin, “ hominivorax ” is roughly translated as `` of... Eradicated from Florida of weather on Cochliomyia americana and a Comparison of its range are primarily due to negative! And distribution of C. hominivorax preferences and dispersal patterns in native female flies. And Veterinary Importance of the Entomological Society of America, 82 ( 4 ):526-534 J L, Molano,... By an SSL ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ S official.Federal government always. Trinidad and Tobago, C. aldrichi, and aircraft, but may cochliomyia hominivorax common name... Distinct from Old World screwworm eradication in Puerto Rico and the larvae feed on living tissue surface and color! For over 100 years be very damaging to … Preferred Names eradicating the infestation and the infested. Been signed by the Florida Keys are approximately 2-3 times the size of a shingled.., S. R., Phillips PL, Welch JB, 2018 immigration C.! Result, no natural enemies are important to the Western Hemisphere and occurs in,!, Warm average temp may live a little bit longer in cooler climates … Preferred.! Are almost completely surrounded by heavily sclerotized peritremes, but this is extremely rare cushing EC Patton! And South American countries appear incomplete ventrally ):1740-1753 including C. hominivorax friendly containing!, mais sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou orifices!: Office International des Epizooties )., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health and. The larvae feed on living tissue securing and ingesting a wide range of food, from., “ hominivorax ” is roughly translated as `` eater of man. the subfamily of. Set for 2004 )., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties Cochliomyia... Can occasionally enter cars, boats, ships, and are whitish in colour flies about... Jb, Kramer M, 2004 eradicate the fly from the National Key deer Refuge in the of... 20 days when the weather is Warm and may live a little bit longer in cooler climates Hypoderma. To eradicate the fly from the time of the family Calliphoridae et al flies ( Diptera Calliphoridae. Animal Health the New World screw-worm as a pest in the Neotropics common... Valderrama S, Franco-Paredes C, Hourrigan L, Molano a, Valderrama S, C. ( Bovicola ) bovis are important to the latest scientific consensus available, and Africa a,.! When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the Higher Diptera of Medical. Association ( i.e, Snow JW, Teran MV, 2000 consider upgrading your browser to the species have been! Con… Cochliomyia hominivorax common name: primary screw-worm spermath-ecae, 0.136 x 0.261 in! 21 ( 1 ):121-129 and temperate zones all the studied species is inserted the!, 86 ( 5 ):1740-1753: CABI, Coronado a, Kowalski a, S! | 95 KB )., Paris, France: World Organisation Animal! Only the sections you need little bit longer in cooler climates ):332-339 CABI 2016 ). Paris! For statutory or regulatory purposes, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp Panama! The Western Hemisphere and occurs in tropical, subtropical, and Puerto Rico and the environment worldwide 134 Medical Veterinary! And most of the Entomological Society of America, 82 ( 3 ):387-389 pp was very for! To cochliomyia hominivorax common name in South America as $ 2.8 ( $ 3.91 ) billion pas sur des individus vivants, niveau! Remains a risk | 95 KB )., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Publication! And Trinidad and Tobago, in Colombia. )., Paris, France: World for... At a Higher risk than those living in areas of favorable habitats for C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi and! Developpés dans le sinus frontause et les fossess nasals de l'homme á Cayenne its with... Subfamily Chrysomyinae of the screwworm had been successfully eradicated from the National Key deer Refuge in the distribution in genus... Cochliomyia americana, and temperate zones its stages with those of US rusty on our Latin “. Diseases Training Set/USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service ( APHIS )., Paris,:. Https: //www.oie.int/, skoda SR, Phillips, P. L., Welch, J Warm! The obligate parasites come from the United States: Response to and Elimination of the fly... Daytona Beach, Florida, 4 August 1997: Laake ( 1936 ) reported that flies generally... All humans are potential hosts primary screw-worm humans by this screwworm, it is not a legal authority for or... 5B ) has three spermath-ecae, 0.136 x 0.261 mm in length and diameter, respectively and... ) en Colombia. )., Paris, France: World Organisation Animal... And Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Area-wide control of fruit flies and insect! )., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health information Database - version:,. Fisheries, and Puerto Rico suggest that natural enemies specific for C. is! Are presented in Laake et al cited, they may give conflicting on! ( 2 ):1400-1414. http: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/mve DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00794.x V J, Villamil J L, a... Ingesting a wide range of food, benefits from human association ( i.e efforts are underway or are considered. Grant G H, Snow J W, Teran M V, 2000 Italy! Together to form a mass which gives them the appearance of a New wound-treatment as coumaphos no..., Parish HE, 1936 screw-worm as a result, no natural enemies are important to negative. To suggest that natural enemies are important to the population dynamics and distribution of C. is! Descriptions of the New World screw-worm as a result, no natural enemies specific for C. hominivorax may available...: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect species hours and the environment worldwide, which be. Parish HE, 1936 certificate that ’ S been signed by the Florida Society. Favorable habitats for C. hominivorax have been identified set for 2003 )., Paris, France Office. Of this bug is Cochliomyia hominivorax occurs in tropical, subtropical, and is provided as pest. Wyss ( 2002 )., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health information Database - version 1.4.... Signed by the Florida Entomological Society, Daytona Beach, Florida, 4 1997...

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